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The structure of our hair

Hair can be subdivided in three different parts:
Shaft, the visible part, outside skin.
Root, hidden inside the skin, linked to the erector muscle.
Bulb, the deepest part, which contains the matrix that generates hair.
The matrix contains germinative cells: as they reproduce, they push upwards those born previously. During this phase of growth hair cells elaborate keratin, which makes hair hard.

struttura-en
sezione-en

Hair section

Hair is made of three concentric parts:
Cuticle: the external part, made by thin and transparent cells, under the microscope it looks like an ear of wheat. It is the first part to be damaged by unsuitable shampoos, combs or treatments like perms.
Cortex: it is the middle part, hair’s thickest component. It is made of cells that retain melanin, that gives hair its colour. With age, melanin tends to reduce, thus whitening hair.
Medulla: it forms hair’s internal part and is made by round cells.
Hair follicle is a structure situated in the deepest part of derma, it is inclined of nearly 75 degrees to skin surface. Inside each follicle there is a sebaceous gland and hair erector muscle. Sebaceous gland produces sebum, a greasy substance that gives hair its brilliance and keeps it from being dry. In case of excessive sebum production, seborrhoeic dermatitis or dandruff ensue.

How does hair grow?

Hair growth phase is made of three phases:
1. Growth phase (Anagen), it lasts from 3 to 6 years
2. Involutional phase(Catagen), it lasts almost 3 weeks, during which the growth stops. In this phase, root comes off.
3. Rest (Telogen) and fall phase, from 2 to 3 months. Hair falls or is pushed by new growing hair.

Hair growth is asynchronous, which means that hair growth cycles are out of step. Usually, 85% of hair is in growth phase, 1% in involutional phase and 14% in rest phase. When growth phase is very short, hair life cycles get shorter and hair stops growing, thus falling off earlier. One of the essential elements for a healthy hair growth is the good vascularization of the hairbulb.

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anagen

Hair in Anagen

catagen

Hair in Catagen

telogen

Hair in Telogen

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Hair in Anagen

Hair Loss: the causes

Healthy hair is synonymous with youth and its absence may increase the apparent age. The raising of the hairline involves a change of proportions of the face, which appears more stretched recalling the look of an older person. Alopecia ends up transforming the image of those affected, bringing with it psychological implications. For this it is useful to know the main causes of hair loss and know how to prevent it.

Sex
men lose more hair than women

Climatic changes linked to
the cycle of seasons (in Autumn and Spring hair loss increases)

Health conditions
(medicines too can alter the regular life cycle of hair)

Hair density
(the more hair you have, the more will fall)


Stress

Brushing
(the use of brush causes a mechanical shock and a traction that facilitate loss)

Smoke or inadequate diet


Genetic

Frequent washing
with unsuitable shampoos

Women can have hormone imbalances during pregnancy and after delivery.

A remedy for hair loss?

Fundamental action on the follicle and the hair.

The vitality of the follicle ensures its proper development, and direct action on the hair strengthens it and slows the loss of hair.

Rigenforte product uses a number of principles, suitably combined with each other, to ensure maximum effectiveness in the prevention of hair loss. Biotinax, patented ESI formula, consists of Biotin, Methionine and Cystine. Methionine and Cystine are sulfur amino acids that strengthen the keratin structure of the hair, giving it strength and elasticity. Biotin is able to balance the production of sebum in the skin and scalp, eliminating related hair problems.

In addition, the synergy of valuable substances such as Caffeine and Menthol, Panthenol and Vitamins E and F, stimulate blood circulation, oxygenating the hair bulbs to maintain their state of wellness, preventing aging and strengthening the hair. Even Stem Cells, thanks to their mechanisms of regeneration and cellular protection, are used in many products for hair loss prevention due to their stimulating effect of the hair bulb. Finally, the well-known antioxidant properties of argan oil, along with Diamino Pyrimidine (Aminexil), give Rigenforte products a valuable healing and moisturizing power.

Dermatologicamente Testato - Università di Ferrara

The whole cosmetics line has been formulated to minimize irritative phenomena, and it has been tested at Cosmetologic Centre of Ferrara University. Hypoallergenic products, suitable for a sensitive scalp too. Colouring, paraben, SLS and SLES free.

ico-trattamento

Check out the full line of intensive treatments. Three products, unique in their composition, to counteract the temporary hair loss and to strengthen it from root to tip. The intensive treatment uses Biotinax technology to strengthen and protect hair follicles.

ico-mantenimento

Hectic living and external agents can damage the scalp, promoting hair brittleness and breakage. These products, dedicated to hair maintenance, are ideal for daily care of the hair while being always gentle on the skin. Learn how you can keep your hair nourished and revitalized.

ico-pid-block

A head lice treatment product, which eliminates lice while acting gently on the skin. With PidBlock you get all the benefits of plant extracts and essential oils to combat lice and all their annoying symptoms, protecting the scalp from irritation and keeping the skin well hydrated.